Colloquium DATE 2016-11-01　16:10-17:00 PLACE 數學館3174教室 SPEAKER 俞韋亘 教授（Michigan State University） TITLE New Bounds for Equiangular Lines and Spherical Two-Distance Sets ABSTRACT The set of points in a metric space is called an $s$-distance set if pairwise distances between these points admit only $s$ distinct values. Two-distance spherical sets with the set of scalar products $\{\alpha, -\alpha\}$, $\alpha\in[0,1)$, are called equiangular. The problem of determining the maximal size of $s$-distance sets in various spaces has a long history in mathematics. We determine a new method of bounding the size of an $s$-distance set in two-point homogeneous spaces via zonal spherical functions. This method allows us to prove that the maximum size of a spherical two-distance set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is $\frac{n(n+1)}2$ with possible exceptions for some $n=(2k+1)^2-3$, $k \in \mathbb{N}$. We also prove the universal upper bound $\sim \frac 2 3 n a^2$ for equiangular sets with $\alpha=\frac 1 a$ and, employing this bound, prove a new upper bound on the size of equiangular sets in an arbitrary dimension. Finally, we classify all equiangular sets reaching this new bound. 